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1)SHARE:– A share is an indivisible unit of capital, expressing the ownership relationship between the company and the shareholder.
2)EXCHANGE:– A Stock Exchange is a place where stockbrokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as stock and bonds and other financial instruments(derivatives and commodities mainly).

3)NSE & BSE:– NSE is National Stock Exchange, the leading stock exchange of India which was established in 1992 as the first dematerialized electronic exchange in the country.It’s flagship index is NIFTY 50, the top 50 companies of India as per Market Capitalization.Total 1900+ companies are listed in NSE which makes a market cap of US $2.27 trillion. BSE is BOMBAY Stock Exchange, the oldest stock exchange of Asia which was established in 1875..It’s flagship index is SENSEX, the top 30 companies of India as per Market Capitalization.Total 5000+ companies are listed in BSE which makes a market cap of US $2.1 trillion.
4)SEBI:– The Securities and Exchange Board of India(SEBI) is the capital regulator of the securities and commodity market in India owned by the Government of India.
5)BROKER:– A person or middleman between investor/ trader and stock exchange who buys or sells an Investment for you in a exchange for a fee.(known as brokerage fee).Some of the Brokers of Indian Stock Market are Zerodha,Upstox, Sharekhan,Motilal Oswal.

6)INDEX:– A stock market index is an index that measures a stock market, or a subset of the stock market, that helps investors compare current price levels with past prices to calculate market performance. It is computed from the prices of selected stocks.

7)MARKET CAPITALIZATION:– Market capitalization ,commonly known as market cap is the total market value of the publicly traded company’s outstanding shares. Outstanding shares refers to the total shares that exist for a company.Market capitalization is equal to the share price multiplied by the number of shares outstanding.
8)BEAR MARKET:-The stock market being in a downward trend, or a period of falling stock prices.In this period you can see the market in a bearish trend as well as red candles in candlestick pattern charts.

9)BULL MARKET:– The stock market being in an upward trend, or a period of increasing stock prices.In this period you can see the market in a bullish trend as well as green candles in candlestick pattern charts.
10)BID PRICE:- A bid price is the highest price that a buyer is willing to pay for securities or other assets.
11)ASK PRICE:– Ask price, also called offer price,is the lowest price a seller is willing to accept for securities or other assets.
12)PORTFOLIO:- A collection of investments owned by an investor makes up his or her portfolio.


1.HDFC BANK:-HDFC Bank Ltd. is an Indian banking and financial services company founded in 1994.It is the largest bank in India by market capitalization as of March 2020.HDFC Bank provides a number of products and services but their main key are Wholesale banking & Retail banking.


2.RELIANCE:– Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) is an Indian multinational conglomerate company. Reliance owns businesses across India engaged in energy, petrochemicals, textiles, natural resources, retail, and telecommunications. Reliance is one of the most profitable companies in India, the largest listed company in India by market capitalization, and the largest company in India as measured by revenue after recently surpassing the government-controlled Indian Oil Corporation.


3.INFOSYS:-Infosys Limited is an Indian multinational corporation that provides business consulting, information technology and outsourcing services.Infosys is the second-largest Indian IT company after Tata Consultancy Services by 2017 revenue.Infosys has 82 sales and marketing offices and 123 development centres across the world as of March 31, 2018, with major presence in India, United States, China, Australia, Japan, Middle East and Europe.


4.COAL INDIA:-Coal India Limited (CIL) is an Indian state-owned coal mining and refinery company. It is the largest coal-producing company in the world and a Maharatna PSU.The company contributes to around 82% of the coal production in India.CIL ranks 8th among the top 20 firms behind a third of all global carbon emissions.

coal india

5.NTPC:-NTPC Limited, formerly known as National Thermal Power Corporation Limited, is an Indian Public Sector Undertaking, engaged in the business of generation of electricity and allied activities.The company also undertake consultancy and turnkey project contracts that involve engineering, project management, construction management and operation and management of power plants.It is the largest power company in India.


Written by. Tirtharaj Chakraborty,Intern

Edited by. Suvro Mukherjee

#BeYourOwnBoss, #ThinkBig, BeYourOwnBoss, Entrepreneurship, Uncategorized

Trailblazers #5: An Interview With Mr. Sashwata Roy

KGEC E-CELL has recently been successful in reaching another milestone as IIT Bombay set foot on KGEC for the very first time ever in the form of an entrepreneurial workshop named “SYMPOSIUM-DE-ILLUMINATE”.

KGEC E-CELL was glad to host Mr Sashwata Roy, the representative of IIT Bombay E-CELL and the main speaker of the event. Mr Sashwata Roy, who has over 23 years of hard-core experience in the Telecom/ISP domain working with major Telecom/ISP companies across various geographies spearheading their Enterprise Business function has been an experienced business leader with 24+ years of diversified experience in business operations and has been an integral position holder in corporates like Aircel, Reliance Communications, Dishnet DSL Ltd., Global Electronic Commerce Services Ltd., Elnet Technologies Ltd(ENT), ICNET Limited. Presently, he has been associated with his own start-up, “SHUSABIITH IT SERVICES LLP”, a Customer-Centric organization, being the authorized Business Partner for multiple Companies and primarily focussed on the B2B Segment, focusing on providing quality solutions and services to the Enterprise Customers.

Kalyani Government Engineering College Entrepreneurship Cell is proud to have an interactive session with him and here are some of the excerpts:-

KGEC E Cell: What is the inspiration behind you choosing Entrepreneurship?

Sashwata Roy: In my opinion, definitely there have been 2 main reasons behind me starting over something of my own.

Firstly, I have been holding integral positions in various Corporates, where there is fame, scope and money, but I was in hesitation whether I am fit to reach the CXO level in that company because if a person in his early 40’s has not been able to reach that position, then maybe he is not the right person for that CXO position. There, it was the moment, which gave me the boost to start something of my own and become an entrepreneur.

Secondly, If anyone is doing Corporate Jobs with so much experience, It always strikes at the back of the mind to embrace into starting something of oneself, where one will be the job creator and there came my will into play which inspired me to start over my start-up in October 2017.

KEC: How have you been associated with IIT BOMBAY E-CELL?

SR: I have not been directly associated with IIT BOMBAY E-CELL.I have been a part of the Prowisdom Growth Private Limited Group, wherein professionals, subject experts & industry leaders across the world, step into the network and connect online as well as offline, to share their knowledge, best practices, Industry & functional awareness, merits & demerits of a role, industry trends, an industry expected skills, & their professional wisdom with the youth (15 – 35 yrs.), to help them identify their strengths, build capabilities, learn new skills to help them in progressing towards achieving their personal & professional goals.
I have been listed as a mentor on their platform and they have collaborations with IIT BOMBAY E-CELL and thus I have this opportunity to be a part of their NEC 2K19 workshop session as a Speaker.

KEC: What is your opinion on the difference of opportunities and facilities provided between an IIT and a Govt. College like KGEC?

SR: In my personal point of view, I believe that there is no basic difference in terms of entrepreneurship genre getting into the roots of the youths in any place, be it an IIT or KGEC, as everyone in their prospect is doing their best to enhance start-up culture. Yeah there may be hindrances in Govt Colleges like the will to organize this session, convincing the HOD’s, etc, but it is just benefitting you all as “Entrepreneurship is all about overcoming hardships and obstacles and emerging victorious” and thus these hindrances are preparing you all in this long run of entrepreneurship journey. It’s just the determination and will to make things possible.

KEC: How different is it for you to be a part of the professional mentorship and part of student grooming?

SR: Well, I have been associated in conducting training programmes in specific professional domains(initiatives like “TRAIN THE TEACHER”)and also sessions for budding students. What I feel is that students are more receptive to learn and moreover other places, these workshops have a strength of around 60-70, but I am really excited and honoured to be a part of this workshop in KGEC as the strength is great(nearly 90)and there is a very healthy response from the students.

KEC: What are your views on privatization being an entrepreneur?

SR: Well, I won’t comment much but privatization has been beneficial all over the world and thus I believe it will have positive implications in India too, because facilities will enhance and the process of privatization is based on the pulse of the nation and it is not possible for an organization like Railways to manage the behemoth of workload. There may be questions arising on the future stake of jobs, etc but overall it will be beneficial for the nation.

KEC: Well last but not the least, what will be your words of motivation for young students who in this I should be Job Creators rather than Job Seekers?

SR: Well, it was great to be part of this whole programme and my words of advice to young budding student entrepreneurs will be to keep thinking, read a lot, analyse the local common problems and be knowledgeable. Everyone has ideas but A true entrepreneur is someone who converts those ideas into reality for the larger benefit of the society. Moreover, there is no hard and fast rule for the chapter of entrepreneurship, but it totally depends on the will and determination of either an individual or a team of individuals aligned to the same common objective. By putting forward those ideas, we can analyse how much adaptable it is, how much scalable it is and how to earn profits from the business. Failures may come but it’s not the end, never stop thinking and trying; you will succeed one day with this power of self -belief and determination.

Interview Taken and Written By : Sayan Seth & Sarthak Mazumdar

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KGEC E-CELL AIM 2019-2020

From the very childhood, it has been fed into our blood lines that ‘Life is a Race’. In fact, in this modern corporate world it is pretty hard to disagree with it. But instead of running on someone else’s track, why not choose your own path?

Here in KGEC E- Cell, we are of the same mind. To all KGEC-ians this Cell is like the companion in the journey to become an entrepreneur. KGEC E-Cell endeavors to give the students of the college proper exposure, experience and skill set to succeed with their venture in this corporate world.

The two key ingredients of entrepreneurship are innovative thinking and dedication to achieve your goal. If you have these two, KGEC E-Cell will provide you with the structure, guidance and support any budding entrepreneur requires.

e cell 2

Starting in late 2014, the KGEC E-Cell’s aim was to spread the Entrepreneurship culture among the students of Kalyani Government Engineering College. Our alumni and our current student entrepreneurs are witness and proof to the same. In almost 5 years of E-Cell, we have organized various workshops, training programs, internship drives along with our annual and flagship events (e.g. E-Summit, Egnition, etc.).

This upcoming academic session is going to be very special as our E-Cell will complete it’s five years as a part of our college. We are looking forward to setting new heights this year with the help of our students and respected faculty members.



Weekly Blogs: In this 21st century the world is changing so rapidly that almost nothing can be said to be impossible. Be it technology, industries or the environment surrounding us. We, at E-Cell are trying to increase the general awareness about the developments and problems going around us with the help of our weekly blogs on relevant topics. Other than this we are also planning to take new initiatives like Biz-The-Sauras, where our aim will be to familiarize the students with the business terms and whereabouts by interesting posts.

Yearlong Various Workshops: A student when he comes as a fresher he may not be a Jack of all trades but this corporate world demands you to be an Ace of at least two or three. That is why, across the year E-Cell is planning to organize different workshops on IOT, Coding, Soft skills etc. conducted by Professionals.


Egnition 2k19: Egnition 2k19 is going to be the first event hosted by KGEC E-Cell in the academic year of 2019-20. It is an engaging one day annual event hosted specially for the freshers of KGEC. Filled with interactive sessions, reputed guest speakers this event is the platform which provides the basic knowledge about entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship culture in our college.

E-Summit 2k20: E-Summit is KGEC E-Cell’s flagship event. E-Summit is a two day event filled with various interactive activities and orations by various speakers. Pitch-a-thon is the main event of E-Summit. Here you can pitch your start-up ideas in front of a respected panel of judges.

Internship Opportunities: Experience is vital in any field. That is why KGEC E-Cell looks to present the opportunity to get internships in Non-technical and technical field both in our own college start-ups and external start-ups.


Exposure Tours: Like the previous years this year we are also planning to visit the different IITs and IIMs. This provides the much needed expertise and knowledge of the present start-up scene. Also develops the relation with other colleges in and around the outskirts of Kolkata like Presidency College, IISER Kolkata, IIT Kharagpur, IIM Kolkata, IIEST Shibpur etc. Also interaction with associates of such esteemed institutes would not only provide a remarkable chance of becoming a part of a network but it might also give one the chance to convert their dream start-up into reality.


Incubation Center: It has been the dream of KGEC E-Cell for many years- An Incubation Center which will provide the proper infrastructure to the start-ups of our college and other surrounding startups in the locality. After years of hard work by the members and faculty members of KGEC E-Cell finally this year the phase one of building an Incubation Center will begin with the help of IIM Kolkata Innovation Park.

And last but not the least,

E-Cell Recruitment Test: It is a screening process to select only the best and deserving candidates to shoulder the responsibilities of E-Cell. This is the first opportunity for freshers to be a member of E-Cell.  Like every year it will not only to test the candidates’ knowledge and intelligence but their dedication towards their goal.

all in one

BeYourOwnBoss, Entrepreneurship

Dream11 : The Story Of India’s Biggest Fantasy Sports Platform

“One thing about our country, that is constant is CRICKET.”

-Mahendra Singh Dhoni

This one coming from one of the most successful cricketers of India, sums up the madness and love that we Indians feel for cricket. Undoubtedly ours is a cricket loving country where more than often cricket is treated as a religion  and the cricketers are worshiped like God. No wonder, why spectators and cricket lovers of India  bet their life over this exciting game. As a result, that ‘ Fantasy Cricket’-A platform enabling fans to create teams and predict result would garner huge popularity and interest in India, was only a matter of time and Dream11 perfectly captured the pulse of Indian fans to become a pioneer in this field.

Dream11 , a fantasy sports platform based in India having more than fifty three million users, allows one to play fantasy cricket, football, kabaddi, hockey, basketball and apply  knowledge of sports to create teams, score runs and win. It is an internet based game where users produce a virtual team of real-life players and earn points supported by the performances of those players in real matches. The user who scores the utmost points in his joined contest attains the primary rank on the leader-board. Dream11 offers both free and paid contests.

Story of Dream11

Dream11 was co-founded by Harsh Jain and Bhavit Sheth in 2008.

In 2012, they introduced freemium fantasy sports in the Asian nation for cricket fans. In 2014, the company reported 1 million registered users, which grew to 2 million in 2016 and increased to 45 million in 2018.

But Dream11’s path to success was not ‘A BED OF ROSES’ at all. In 2017, a case was registered against the corporate in an Indian judicature accusing them for inspiring people to bet. The court, in its ruling, stated that playing the Dream11 game involves considerable skill, judgment and discretion. The judgment provided lawfulness to the corporate and allowed them to run their operations throughout the country.

How Does It Function?

The format of the game is quite simple.

  • First, each of the registered user selects a match on which he or she wants to contest.
  • Then the user creates a team consisting of players who would be participating in the given match in real world. The formation of the team would be limited by some constraints like budget and the number of players in each position. The user in the beginning is given a budget of 100 credits in order to create the team. The user is also asked to choose a captain and vice captain which multiplies their points gained.
  •  After creating team the user must join any contest in order to win cash prize or they might join any free/unpaid contest in order to show their skills to the world.
  •  The point awarding system varies from sports to sports. These points awarding system is actually based on the match stats of individual player.
  • At the end of the match, total points are calculated based on the point awarding system and then the winner is decided based on the points.


Some other fantasy sports game which might be a competitor to Dream 11 are Mobile Premier League, Daily Fantasy Cricket, Cricnwin, 11 wickets, halaplay etc.
These games use the  same methodology as dream 11 but it’s dream 11 which sets itself above them in terms of users and revenue. Whats sets Dream 11 apart is the brand image which they have created for themselves.

Brand Ambassador of Dream11

Iconic cricketer & Previous Captain of India, Mahendra Singh Dhoni is the brand ambassador of Dream11. He launched the “Dimaag se Dhoni” media campaign during the 2018 Indian Premier League. The company had previously signed commentator Harsha Bhogle as their brand ambassador in 2017. Mahendra Singh Dhoni is still the Brand Ambassador of Dream11 and his creative ads keep popping up specially in between the cricket matches.

Partnership and Deals

In 2017, the company partnered with three leagues within cricket, football and basketball. Dream11 became the Official Fantasy Partner for Hero Caribbean Premier League, Hero Indian Super League and National Basketball Association (NBA). Later in the year, they partnered with the Hero Indian Super League as their Official Fantasy Football Partner.  In 2018, Dream11 announced its partnership with ICC (International Cricket Council).

In March 2019, The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), announced Dream11 as the Official Partner for the VIVO Indian Premier League. The four-year exclusive partnership started with the IPL 2019 season. Additionally, the ‘Official Fantasy Game’ of IPL is also powered by Dream 11.

Revenue of Dream11

The following figure shows the income calculation of one year of Dream11. With assumption of 2 contest of cricket match, the company makes almost 7.8 billions in a year. It mainly earns from the money we pay for the registration of the game.

Dream11, now associated with BCCI and Vivo IPL, is expected to grow manyfold in coming years matching with the growing interest and love for cricket in India because India reverberates what Dream11 says,

“Jo dete hain cricket ko dil aur jaan, Indiawalon karta hain unko Salam.”


Written by: Sarthak Mazumder, Rounak Kirtaniya

Edited by: Sohini Ghosh, Dibyajyoti Ghosh