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12 BASIC TERMINOLOGY RELATED TO STOCK MARKET

1)SHARE:– A share is an indivisible unit of capital, expressing the ownership relationship between the company and the shareholder.
2)EXCHANGE:– A Stock Exchange is a place where stockbrokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as stock and bonds and other financial instruments(derivatives and commodities mainly).

3)NSE & BSE:– NSE is National Stock Exchange, the leading stock exchange of India which was established in 1992 as the first dematerialized electronic exchange in the country.It’s flagship index is NIFTY 50, the top 50 companies of India as per Market Capitalization.Total 1900+ companies are listed in NSE which makes a market cap of US $2.27 trillion. BSE is BOMBAY Stock Exchange, the oldest stock exchange of Asia which was established in 1875..It’s flagship index is SENSEX, the top 30 companies of India as per Market Capitalization.Total 5000+ companies are listed in BSE which makes a market cap of US $2.1 trillion.
4)SEBI:– The Securities and Exchange Board of India(SEBI) is the capital regulator of the securities and commodity market in India owned by the Government of India.
5)BROKER:– A person or middleman between investor/ trader and stock exchange who buys or sells an Investment for you in a exchange for a fee.(known as brokerage fee).Some of the Brokers of Indian Stock Market are Zerodha,Upstox, Sharekhan,Motilal Oswal.

6)INDEX:– A stock market index is an index that measures a stock market, or a subset of the stock market, that helps investors compare current price levels with past prices to calculate market performance. It is computed from the prices of selected stocks.

7)MARKET CAPITALIZATION:– Market capitalization ,commonly known as market cap is the total market value of the publicly traded company’s outstanding shares. Outstanding shares refers to the total shares that exist for a company.Market capitalization is equal to the share price multiplied by the number of shares outstanding.
8)BEAR MARKET:-The stock market being in a downward trend, or a period of falling stock prices.In this period you can see the market in a bearish trend as well as red candles in candlestick pattern charts.

9)BULL MARKET:– The stock market being in an upward trend, or a period of increasing stock prices.In this period you can see the market in a bullish trend as well as green candles in candlestick pattern charts.
10)BID PRICE:- A bid price is the highest price that a buyer is willing to pay for securities or other assets.
11)ASK PRICE:– Ask price, also called offer price,is the lowest price a seller is willing to accept for securities or other assets.
12)PORTFOLIO:- A collection of investments owned by an investor makes up his or her portfolio.

MOST ACTIVE STOCKS IN NSE

1.HDFC BANK:-HDFC Bank Ltd. is an Indian banking and financial services company founded in 1994.It is the largest bank in India by market capitalization as of March 2020.HDFC Bank provides a number of products and services but their main key are Wholesale banking & Retail banking.

hdfc

2.RELIANCE:– Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) is an Indian multinational conglomerate company. Reliance owns businesses across India engaged in energy, petrochemicals, textiles, natural resources, retail, and telecommunications. Reliance is one of the most profitable companies in India, the largest listed company in India by market capitalization, and the largest company in India as measured by revenue after recently surpassing the government-controlled Indian Oil Corporation.

reliance

3.INFOSYS:-Infosys Limited is an Indian multinational corporation that provides business consulting, information technology and outsourcing services.Infosys is the second-largest Indian IT company after Tata Consultancy Services by 2017 revenue.Infosys has 82 sales and marketing offices and 123 development centres across the world as of March 31, 2018, with major presence in India, United States, China, Australia, Japan, Middle East and Europe.

infosys

4.COAL INDIA:-Coal India Limited (CIL) is an Indian state-owned coal mining and refinery company. It is the largest coal-producing company in the world and a Maharatna PSU.The company contributes to around 82% of the coal production in India.CIL ranks 8th among the top 20 firms behind a third of all global carbon emissions.

coal india

5.NTPC:-NTPC Limited, formerly known as National Thermal Power Corporation Limited, is an Indian Public Sector Undertaking, engaged in the business of generation of electricity and allied activities.The company also undertake consultancy and turnkey project contracts that involve engineering, project management, construction management and operation and management of power plants.It is the largest power company in India.

ntpc


Written by. Tirtharaj Chakraborty,Intern

Edited by. Suvro Mukherjee

#BeYourOwnBoss, #ThinkBig, Collegepreneurs, Ideas, India, ThinkBig

Symposium–de-illuminate : A KGEC E-CELL and IIT-B Collaboration.

“ The only way to do great work is to love what you do.“

-Steve Jobs

And this love for entrepreneurship helped KGEC E-CELL to reach another milestone as IIT Bombay set foot on KGEC for the first time ever.It was indeed a very proud moment for Kalyani Government Engineering College as KGEC E-CELL in collaboration with the E Cell of IIT Bombay organized an entrepreneurial workshop named Symposium–de-illuminate for the benefit of the students. Students from various colleges took part in it. Sashwata Roy, the representative of IIT Bombay E Cell, was the main speaker of the event. Dr. Shantanu Das(Chairman of KGEC E-cell), Prof. Supriyo Banerjee (Secretary of KGEC E-cell), Prof. Md. Iqbal Qureshi(Treasurer of KGEC E-cell) also graced the event with their precious presence.

sir and mr. roy

Mr. Sashwata Roy started his lecture explaining what Entrepreneurship actually is-

“ The capacity and willingness to develop, organize and manage a business venture along with any of its risks, in order to add value and make profit. In other words, the activity of setting up a business or businesses, taking on financial risks in the hope of profit. “

He then went on talking  about a lot of business terms and gave valuable info about them. The overall project was on finding out the major problems we face in our society, generating practical solutions of those problems and make a business model canvas on it.

lecture

“The way an artist fills up a blank white canvas with colors and turn that into a lively painting, entrepreneurs in the same way, give solutions to problems in a form of start-up in their business model canvas.”

For that Mr. Sashwata Roy at first divided the whole audience into 9 teams. Each team had to prepare one business model and pitch it in front of the audience.

The first half of the workshop consisted of the discussions on various topics related to business. Mr. Roy explained them in details. He clarified what are the basic requirements to be a successful entrepreneur and what his mind-set should be. He gave detailed explanation about unique value proposition, customer services, revenue streams, cost structure, key metrics and many such terms that are essential for a business model.

rear view

Then there was a breather after a contiguous session of discussion. In the second half, it was all about the teams to prepare the business model canvas and pitch it. To help the teams in making the canvas, Mr. Roy showed the BMCs(Business model canvas) of AIRBNB, OLA, AMAZON etc. and explained their success stories. He cited the likes of Mr. Ratan Tata, Steve Jobs, Jeff Bezos, Mark Zuckerberg and many other successful entrepreneurs in order to enlighten the lamp inside the budding entrepreneurs. To speak about start-up, he stated that,

“A start-up is a company working to solve a problem where the solution is not obvious and success is not guaranteed.So, it is all about taking risks, failures are parts and parcels of it. People who overcome all these barriers, are the ones who survive in this field.”

We are glad to share that Mr. Sashwata Roy was ‘hugely impressed’  by the pitching event as each and every team came up with innovative ideas and their B-Plan looked quite promising. Mr. Roy and Prof. Supriyo Banerjee monitored the event and gave invaluable advice and suggestions to the teams for the betterment of their ideas.

laptop and speaker

So, in overall, it was a great learning experience for the participants as they got a chance  to get familiar with the terms that are required for every businessman to get success in their field. Moreover, they got to know how to pitch and the basics of business model canvas.

All the credits though goes to the KGEC E-CELL and its members as they worked really hard to organize the workshop successfully in such a short period of time and their hard work literally paid off. Mr. Roy was amazed as his last speech summed up the whole story of the day.

 

“I am glad to be a part of this workshop. The enthusiasm and energy shown by the participants is really appreciable and we would be looking towards organizing more such events in future. Thank you all.”

group pic

Written By-Sarthak Mazumdar

Edited By- Sohini Ghosh

#BeYourOwnBoss, BeYourOwnBoss, Collegepreneurs, Entrepreneurship, Ideas, ThinkBig

KGEC E-CELL AIM 2019-2020

From the very childhood, it has been fed into our blood lines that ‘Life is a Race’. In fact, in this modern corporate world it is pretty hard to disagree with it. But instead of running on someone else’s track, why not choose your own path?

Here in KGEC E- Cell, we are of the same mind. To all KGEC-ians this Cell is like the companion in the journey to become an entrepreneur. KGEC E-Cell endeavors to give the students of the college proper exposure, experience and skill set to succeed with their venture in this corporate world.

The two key ingredients of entrepreneurship are innovative thinking and dedication to achieve your goal. If you have these two, KGEC E-Cell will provide you with the structure, guidance and support any budding entrepreneur requires.

e cell 2

Starting in late 2014, the KGEC E-Cell’s aim was to spread the Entrepreneurship culture among the students of Kalyani Government Engineering College. Our alumni and our current student entrepreneurs are witness and proof to the same. In almost 5 years of E-Cell, we have organized various workshops, training programs, internship drives along with our annual and flagship events (e.g. E-Summit, Egnition, etc.).

This upcoming academic session is going to be very special as our E-Cell will complete it’s five years as a part of our college. We are looking forward to setting new heights this year with the help of our students and respected faculty members.

PLANS FOR ACADEMIC YEAR 2019-2020

stage

Weekly Blogs: In this 21st century the world is changing so rapidly that almost nothing can be said to be impossible. Be it technology, industries or the environment surrounding us. We, at E-Cell are trying to increase the general awareness about the developments and problems going around us with the help of our weekly blogs on relevant topics. Other than this we are also planning to take new initiatives like Biz-The-Sauras, where our aim will be to familiarize the students with the business terms and whereabouts by interesting posts.

Yearlong Various Workshops: A student when he comes as a fresher he may not be a Jack of all trades but this corporate world demands you to be an Ace of at least two or three. That is why, across the year E-Cell is planning to organize different workshops on IOT, Coding, Soft skills etc. conducted by Professionals.

egnition

Egnition 2k19: Egnition 2k19 is going to be the first event hosted by KGEC E-Cell in the academic year of 2019-20. It is an engaging one day annual event hosted specially for the freshers of KGEC. Filled with interactive sessions, reputed guest speakers this event is the platform which provides the basic knowledge about entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship culture in our college.

E-Summit 2k20: E-Summit is KGEC E-Cell’s flagship event. E-Summit is a two day event filled with various interactive activities and orations by various speakers. Pitch-a-thon is the main event of E-Summit. Here you can pitch your start-up ideas in front of a respected panel of judges.

Internship Opportunities: Experience is vital in any field. That is why KGEC E-Cell looks to present the opportunity to get internships in Non-technical and technical field both in our own college start-ups and external start-ups.

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Exposure Tours: Like the previous years this year we are also planning to visit the different IITs and IIMs. This provides the much needed expertise and knowledge of the present start-up scene. Also develops the relation with other colleges in and around the outskirts of Kolkata like Presidency College, IISER Kolkata, IIT Kharagpur, IIM Kolkata, IIEST Shibpur etc. Also interaction with associates of such esteemed institutes would not only provide a remarkable chance of becoming a part of a network but it might also give one the chance to convert their dream start-up into reality.

59848130_1125318670986975_5292276363036721152_n.jpg

Incubation Center: It has been the dream of KGEC E-Cell for many years- An Incubation Center which will provide the proper infrastructure to the start-ups of our college and other surrounding startups in the locality. After years of hard work by the members and faculty members of KGEC E-Cell finally this year the phase one of building an Incubation Center will begin with the help of IIM Kolkata Innovation Park.

And last but not the least,

E-Cell Recruitment Test: It is a screening process to select only the best and deserving candidates to shoulder the responsibilities of E-Cell. This is the first opportunity for freshers to be a member of E-Cell.  Like every year it will not only to test the candidates’ knowledge and intelligence but their dedication towards their goal.

all in one

Entrepreneurship, Ideas, India, ThinkBig, womenentrepreneurship

Space : An industry, A reservoir of possibilities.

“Earth is the cradle of Humanity , but one cannot live in a cradle forever.” -Konstantin Tsiolkovsky

A hundred years ago in 1911, the father of modern cosmonautics Konstantin Tsiolkovsky remarked in a letter written to his friend about how humanity will one day explore and conquer the solar space. More than a 100 years have passed and Konstantin has been proven right but alas ! we have only been to the moon and back, no further !
This is all set to change in this decade as the United States has emerged as incubation hub for space startups like SpaceX and Blue Origin who intend to setup permanent human settlements on other planets. The new space race is led by private space startups, under the experienced leadership of established entrepreneurs like Elon Musk and Jeff Bezos.

Companies That Made Their Mark In The Space Industry.

The first privately funded rocket to achieve space flight was Conestoga 1, which was launched by Space Services Inc. on a suborbital flight to 309km altitude on 9th September, 1982.

By 1984 President Ronal Regan issued out the Commercial Space Launch Act, which encouraged the creation of private spaceflight companies.
By 2000, Russian private space tech company MirCorp made the first manned trip to space that was not government funded. This was just the beginning!

1) MirCorp-

It was a commercial space company created in 1999 by space entrepreneurs and involving the Russian space program that successfully undertook a number of firsts in the business of space exploration by using the aging Russian space station Mir as a commercial platform. Its actions were highly controversial as it created a roadblock to the planned International Space Station in creating a viable, low cost alternative.

The company achieved the following:
• First commercial lease agreement for orbiting manned space station (December 1999)
• First privately funded manned expedition to a space station.
• First privately funded cargo resupply mission in space (April 27, 2000)
• First privately funded spacewalk (May 12, 2000)
• First contract for Space Tourist (Dennis Tito, June 19, 2000)

2) Space Adventures-

It is an American space tourism company founded in 1998 by Eric C. Anderson. As of 2010, offerings include zero-gravity atmospheric flights, orbital spaceflights (with the option to participate in a spavcewalk), and other spaceflight-related experiences including cosmonaut training, spacewalk training, and launch tours. Plans announced thus far include sub-orbital and lunar spaceflights.

As of October 2009, seven clients have participated in the orbital spaceflight program with Space Adventures, including one person who took two separate trips to space.

3) SpaceX-

How can we talk about private Space Companies and not talk about SpaceX. From making rockets reusable, and Mars seem possible. Already the world’s most high-profile commercial spaceflight company, SpaceX continues to demonstrate its technical bona fides, racking up recent milestones as historic as they are diverse.

Along with fielding a more muscular version of the workhorse Falcon 9 rocket (with engines that are 50% more powerful than their predecessors), the company conducted a series of test flights of its Grasshopper rocket, which travelled as high as 1,066 feet in June 2013 before depositing itself back on the launchpad, as opposed to dumping in the ocean. SpaceX flies fast, cheap, and always in control, making founder and CEO Elon Musk’s plan to eventually establish a permanent, 80,000-person Martian colony, seem less like a pipe dream, and more like the inevitable.

Sierra Nevada Corp, Richard Branson’s VIRGIN GALACTIC (developing airplane-rocket), Yuri Milner’s PLANET (earth imaging satellites) have also emerged as finest spacecraft builders. Besides these, there are initiatives by Mark Zuckerberg (Breakthrough Starshot), Larry Page (Planetary Resources), Bill Gates (Kymeta), Paul Allen (Stratolaunch) which are still in development.

Valuation of this Industry-

For years, some of the world’s richest entrepreneurs have been investing in space exploration, hoping to become industry leaders in the growing commercial market and what it is set to achieve. There has been a record investment of more than 3.9 billion dollars that were made by as many as 120 venture capitalist firms into some private space companies in the last year. The space industry is set to be worth $1 trillion by 2040.

Indian Private Space Industry-

With the private space industries developing at the fastest possible rate in other countries, it’s high time that India’s commercial space enterprises grew out of the ISRO’s towering shadow whose contract doles provide vital sustenance to may start-ups. There is an increasing commercialised side of ISRO which has now taken up the form of NewSpace India Ltd.
In the last few years India has witnessed a boom and more than a dozen space focussed start-ups have emerged. Bangalore in India has emerged as India’s space start-ups hub.

Few of India’s notable Space Start-Ups:

1) Team Indus

– is a Bangalore based startup led by Rahul Narayan and is the only Indian team participating in the Google Lunar X Prize mission. The company raised Rs 9 Crore until mid 2015 from a clutch of investors . The company has built a lunar rover and expected to launch in the third quarter of 2016 to win the Google Lunar X Prize.

2) Earth2Orbit

– Founded by Sushmita Mohanty , the company claims to be India’s first private space firm. The company currently offers launch advisory and consulting services.

3) Dhruva Space

– A new entrant to this league, the firm was founded by Narayan Prasad and Sanjay Nekkanti in 2012. The team at Dhruva space is currently developing an indigenous small satellite platform.

4) ARDL

– Founded at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) , the team of ARDL comprises of Sidhant Dhall, Triyambak Tripathy, Gaurav Achha and Ayush Patawari. The company currently fabricates Mini CANSAT modules and other related space hardware.

5) Astrome

– Another Space Startup with it’s roots in IISc is Astrome, which has Prasad HL and Neha Satak as it’s founder. The startup is fairly new to this league and aims to develop products and services which aid in space exploration.

6) MANASTU Space

– founded by Tushar Jadhav (a former DRDO scientist) , Ashtesh Kumar (Technological Leader Head, Electrical Systems) and Pratham ui IIT Bombay’s student) in 2016 comes with greener and safer approach in manufacturing the satellites. Manastu’s engines uses less indigenous toxic fuel, and can provide an impulse for 275 seconds, making it 25 percent more productive as it consumes 25 percent less fuel, and promises a life span of five years for the satellites in orbit. At present, the prototype is under testing at its laboratory in Mumbai and at the Shell Oil and Gas campus at Bengaluru.

What the future holds for this Industry-

The future of commercial space flight definitely seems promising, thanks to the entry of big commercial giants and several other huge investors.
This would not just improve or bring about possibilities of making space travel easy, but also help in improving research of the universe, resource mining as well as bringing other insightful information to the forefront.
Despite the challenges posed by space tourism, it is crystal clear that in the future, commercial space flight will be a big thing and it can definitely be the ticket to us knowing more about the outer space.

Written by Subhadeep Bose, Kaushikee Bannerjee, Sarthak Mazumder

Edited by Sohini Ghosh, Dibyajyoti Ghosh