1)SHARE:– A share is an indivisible unit of capital, expressing the ownership relationship between the company and the shareholder.
2)EXCHANGE:– A Stock Exchange is a place where stockbrokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as stock and bonds and other financial instruments(derivatives and commodities mainly).
3)NSE & BSE:– NSE is National Stock Exchange, the leading stock exchange of India which was established in 1992 as the first dematerialized electronic exchange in the country.It’s flagship index is NIFTY 50, the top 50 companies of India as per Market Capitalization.Total 1900+ companies are listed in NSE which makes a market cap of US $2.27 trillion. BSE is BOMBAY Stock Exchange, the oldest stock exchange of Asia which was established in 1875..It’s flagship index is SENSEX, the top 30 companies of India as per Market Capitalization.Total 5000+ companies are listed in BSE which makes a market cap of US $2.1 trillion.
4)SEBI:– The Securities and Exchange Board of India(SEBI) is the capital regulator of the securities and commodity market in India owned by the Government of India.
5)BROKER:– A person or middleman between investor/ trader and stock exchange who buys or sells an Investment for you in a exchange for a fee.(known as brokerage fee).Some of the Brokers of Indian Stock Market are Zerodha,Upstox, Sharekhan,Motilal Oswal.
6)INDEX:– A stock market index is an index that measures a stock market, or a subset of the stock market, that helps investors compare current price levels with past prices to calculate market performance. It is computed from the prices of selected stocks.
7)MARKET CAPITALIZATION:– Market capitalization ,commonly known as market cap is the total market value of the publicly traded company’s outstanding shares. Outstanding shares refers to the total shares that exist for a company.Market capitalization is equal to the share price multiplied by the number of shares outstanding.
8)BEAR MARKET:-The stock market being in a downward trend, or a period of falling stock prices.In this period you can see the market in a bearish trend as well as red candles in candlestick pattern charts.
9)BULL MARKET:– The stock market being in an upward trend, or a period of increasing stock prices.In this period you can see the market in a bullish trend as well as green candles in candlestick pattern charts.
10)BID PRICE:- A bid price is the highest price that a buyer is willing to pay for securities or other assets.
11)ASK PRICE:– Ask price, also called offer price,is the lowest price a seller is willing to accept for securities or other assets.
12)PORTFOLIO:- A collection of investments owned by an investor makes up his or her portfolio.
MOST ACTIVE STOCKS IN NSE
1.HDFC BANK:-HDFC Bank Ltd. is an Indian banking and financial services company founded in 1994.It is the largest bank in India by market capitalization as of March 2020.HDFC Bank provides a number of products and services but their main key are Wholesale banking & Retail banking.
2.RELIANCE:– Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) is an Indian multinational conglomerate company. Reliance owns businesses across India engaged in energy, petrochemicals, textiles, natural resources, retail, and telecommunications. Reliance is one of the most profitable companies in India, the largest listed company in India by market capitalization, and the largest company in India as measured by revenue after recently surpassing the government-controlled Indian Oil Corporation.
3.INFOSYS:-Infosys Limited is an Indian multinational corporation that provides business consulting, information technology and outsourcing services.Infosys is the second-largest Indian IT company after Tata Consultancy Services by 2017 revenue.Infosys has 82 sales and marketing offices and 123 development centres across the world as of March 31, 2018, with major presence in India, United States, China, Australia, Japan, Middle East and Europe.
4.COAL INDIA:-Coal India Limited (CIL) is an Indian state-owned coal mining and refinery company. It is the largest coal-producing company in the world and a Maharatna PSU.The company contributes to around 82% of the coal production in India.CIL ranks 8th among the top 20 firms behind a third of all global carbon emissions.
5.NTPC:-NTPC Limited, formerly known as National Thermal Power Corporation Limited, is an Indian Public Sector Undertaking, engaged in the business of generation of electricity and allied activities.The company also undertake consultancy and turnkey project contracts that involve engineering, project management, construction management and operation and management of power plants.It is the largest power company in India.
Written by. Tirtharaj Chakraborty,Intern
Edited by. Suvro Mukherjee